We need to talk more about cigarette butts!

Written by
Zeki Güzel
July 12, 2023

Trillions of cigarettes are smoked annually, leaving behind toxic butts, most of which are, sadly, randomly discarded into nature. Consequently, cigarettes not only threaten human health but also our air, soil, and water.

When cigarette butts are carelessly thrown into the environment, they release toxic chemicals into streams, rivers, and oceans. They are also responsible for many wildfires, wreaking destruction across swathes of land, destroying homes and killing wildlife and people alike.

We produce approximately 6 trillion cigarettes every year, generating over 1.2 million tons of cigarette butt waste. This amount is expected to increase by more than 50% in 2025 due to population growth. Therefore, we anticipate even more waste.

However, is there anything positive we can do with these discarded butts? In this blog post, we look at some of the options that exist to help manage this waste matter.

Things we can make from cigarette butts


In the Brazilian city of Votorantim, people make paper out of cigarette butts. Each week, about 60 kg of cigarette butts are collected and sent to a recycling center. There, the butts are separated from their toxic chemicals by heating them to 100°C for 5 hours.

The mixture is then sieved and washed, leaving behind a cellulosic material that is eventually used as the raw material for paper. It takes just 35 butts to produce a single sheet of A4.

The resulting papers produced are then used for educational purposes in regional schools.

Steel protection, pallets & asphalt

Researchers in China have found that an extract derived from soaking old cigarette filters in water reduces rusting in steel by more than 90%.

In Vancouver, Canada, a city-wide campaign is underway to collect discarded cigarette filters and recycle them into shipping pallets, as well as other industrial products.

Researchers from Australia’s Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT), have added cigarette butts to asphalt to produce a formula that is more durable and has lower thermal conductivity.

The resulting product not only solves a significant waste problem but also reduces the urban heat island effect, a common phenomenon in cities due to excessive concrete usage.

In essence, cigarette butts have the ability to retain less heat from the sun, and using asphalt with reduced thermal conductivity helps prevent cities from overheating.


An Indian factory is recycling cigarette butts into stuffing for soft toys. The fibers are cleaned and bleached using organic chemicals that neutralize their toxins. The resulting white stuffing is then utilized in the production of soft toys and cushions.

To date, Code Effort has successfully recycled over 300 million cigarette butts collected from city streets.


Cigarette butts are being recycled by a French company into furniture and other objects as a means of reducing pollution. MéGo! – a play on words using "mégot", French slang for cigarette butts – is the first company in Europe, and possibly the world, to carry out such a process.

They’ve developed an advanced method to recover cellulose from cigarette filters. This cellulose is then transformed into sheets that can be used to create street furniture or household objects, such as computer tablet holders.

The remaining tobacco and ash are composted until they become usable, and the company is even exploring the possibility of breaking down the toxic residue with fungi for composting purposes.


At the earlier-mentioned RMIT, researchers led by Professor Abbas Mohajerani have already demonstrated that fired-clay bricks containing just 1% of recycled cigarette butt content possess the same strength as regular bricks while requiring less energy for production.

Associate Professor Abbas Mohajerani

Their analysis revealed that incorporating just 2.5% of global annual brick production with just 1% of cigarette butts could offset the total annual cigarette production globally.

The research team has now devised a comprehensive plan to unite the brickmaking and waste management industries, enabling large-scale implementation of cigarette butt recycling in brick manufacturing.

Energy storage

Scientists from South Korea have discovered a method to transform cigarette butts into a high-performance material suitable for energy storage in computers, handheld devices, electric vehicles, and wind turbines.

Through the development of this material, which converts previously worthless cigarette butts, supercapacitors can be coated to provide significant energy storage capabilities. This innovation helps prevent environmental pollution caused by discarded cigarette butts.

The researchers explained that the cigarette filters, primarily composed of cellulose acetate fiber, can be converted into carbon-based materials through a single-step pyrolysis process.

Consequently, supercapacitive materials containing small pores derived from carbon-based materials are being developed as a result of the combustion process.

Bed sheets & pillows

Cigarette filters contain a soft and spongy structure inside. Once the collected waste cigarette butts are cleaned and processed, they can be utilized in the production of pillows and bed linen.

Cover sheets

After the yellow filters are cleaned and flattened, they can be sewn together in layers to create a material that resembles a cover sheet.


The soft cotton-like texture discovered in cigarette butts can be utilized to create new garments through recycling.

By harnessing this material, we have the opportunity to produce clothing from recycled cigarette butts and contribute to the re-beautification of our environment.


We humans have an innate desire to arrange and embellish our living spaces according to our personal tastes. By repurposing collected cigarette butts, we can create decorative items that are not only visually appealing but also carry significant meaning.

For example, the interior designer Sachi Tungare turns such waste material into beautiful, useful objects.

These unique creations can be used to adorn our homes, workplaces, and other environments in a way that reflects our individual aesthetic preferences.


By utilizing the cottony structure found in collected cigarette butts, we can create earbuds. However, it’s crucial to ensure that the cotton material is first thoroughly cleansed of toxins and processed to a level that ensures it does not pose any adverse effects on human health.

Mitigating future impact

Given the advancements we’re seeing in our technological capabilities, the above examples are just an indication of what can be done with cigarette butts. It's important to remember the vast potential to derive hundreds of materials, objects, tools, and more from cigarette butts.

However, despite these possibilities, staggeringly high numbers of cigarette butts are still carelessly discarded into rivers, seas, and forested areas, even as you’re reading this article.

This poses a significant threat to the environment and jeopardizes the future we leave for those who follow us.

The impact on nature of these seemingly insignificant butts is substantial; as the world faces numerous environmental and climate challenges, it’s still within our power to address the issue of cigarette butt pollution.

Let's be highly conscious of the facts and dispose of cigarette butts in appropriate ways.

While we can’t change the past, we always have the ability to shape the future. And, who knows, perhaps by refraining from discarding a single butt today, we can save a tree tomorrow that will provide a breath of fresh air for future generations.

Over 1.2 million tons of cigarette butt waste is generated each year. Is there anything positive we can do with these discarded butts?
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